How to apply alicyclic epoxy resin in UV light curing coating?

January 6, 2023 Longchang Chemical

How to apply alicyclic epoxy resin in UV light curing coating?

UV curing technology is broadly divided into UV free radical and UV cationic systems, UV cationic coatings with excellent processing properties in metal cans, rolled steel and flexible packaging industry is widely used, the main market is now also In Europe and the United States.



UV cationic and UV free radical materials are very different, but the overall composition is similar. Cationic systems are dominated by epoxy materials, but ordinary bisphenol A type epoxy reacts slowly, with more applications of alicyclic epoxy/oxetane type materials; free radical systems are now very mature commercially, with epoxy/polyester/polyurethane modified acrylate materials providing more choice of solutions.


UV cationic system can choose fewer kinds of raw materials compared to free radical system, and the polymer is mainly low viscosity alicyclic epoxy resin. Take alicyclic epoxy resins as an example.

TTA21 of various purity specifications is the most dominant product in the UV coating industry. As the application of cationic UV coatings continues to grow significantly, it is expected that the amount of alicyclic epoxy resins represented by TTA21 will increase.


In the specific product application of ink/coatings, in addition to both needing UV light to provide curing energy, the two systems show major differences in performance and reaction characteristics.


1. Oxygen-blocking effect

UV cationic system does not have the effect of oxygen-blocking, but is more afraid of water, moisture will affect the curing efficiency of the cationic system; UV free radicals are the opposite, and are more affected by oxygen-blocking.


2. Substrate adhesion

Usually in the more difficult to adhere to the surface of the substrate, such as glass / metal / high-density plastic, UV cation than UV free base has better adhesion performance.


3. Volume shrinkage rate

UV free radical system formulation curing shrinkage rate is generally above 10%, while UV cation system can control the shrinkage rate of 1-3%, is a good solution to solve the volume shrinkage.


4. Dark curing characteristics

UV cation system can continue to react to the inner layer after stopping the light source irradiation, to complete the material after curing, this is the dark curing characteristics, very suitable for thick coating applications, heating the cation after curing speed is significantly helpful; UV free radical is a stop-and-go reaction system.


5. Contact safety

UV cation system reaction degree is close to 100%, safety can be REACH / FDA testing certification, can be used in food packaging and other related fields.


6. Light curing speed

In general the UV free radical system curing speed than the cationic system, affected by oxygen-blocking products cationic surface drying will be faster, but the actual drying speed is not as fast as the free radical, you can promote the reaction by heating, and eventually can reach a very good degree of completion.


Formulation notes


UV cation system can be mixed with UV free radical system in any proportion, called UV hybrid system, can improve the relative curing speed of UV cation and UV free radical shrinkage, affected by oxygen barrier and other shortcomings, the same film thickness of the system curing energy difference is not large.


UV cation system is to rely on the initiator generated by Lewis strong acid to do the active point of the ring-opening reaction, the formula will commonly affect the initiator activity of the material is mainly azo organic pigments (can be modified to do protection), and free radicals mixed with TPO/819/907 and other structures containing P, S and other elements of the initiator, and similar to 115 multi-level amine.


Humidity has a greater impact on the UV cation system curing, control the ambient humidity within 50% is appropriate; while heating will speed up the reaction rate.


UV Photoinitiator Same series products

Product name CAS NO. Chemical name
Sinocure® TPO 75980-60-8 Diphenyl(2,4,6-trimethylbenzoyl)phosphine oxide
Sinocure® TPO-L 84434-11-7 Ethyl (2,4,6-trimethylbenzoyl) phenylphosphinate
Sinocure® 819/920 162881-26-7 Phenylbis(2,4,6-trimethylbenzoyl)phosphine oxide
Sinocure® 819 DW 162881-26-7 Irgacure 819 DW
Sinocure® ITX 5495-84-1 2-Isopropylthioxanthone
Sinocure® DETX 82799-44-8 2,4-Diethyl-9H-thioxanthen-9-one
Sinocure® BDK/651 24650-42-8 2,2-Dimethoxy-2-phenylacetophenone
Sinocure® 907 71868-10-5 2-Methyl-4′-(methylthio)-2-morpholinopropiophenone
Sinocure® 184 947-19-3 1-Hydroxycyclohexyl phenyl ketone
Sinocure® MBF 15206-55-0 Methyl benzoylformate
Sinocure® 150 163702-01-0 Benzene, (1-methylethenyl)-, homopolymer,ar-(2-hydroxy-2-methyl-1-oxopropyl) derivs
Sinocure® 160 71868-15-0 Difunctional alpha hydroxy ketone
Sinocure® 1173 7473-98-5 2-Hydroxy-2-methylpropiophenone
Sinocure® EMK 90-93-7 4,4′-Bis(diethylamino) benzophenone
Sinocure® PBZ 2128-93-0 4-Benzoylbiphenyl
Sinocure® OMBB/MBB 606-28-0 Methyl 2-benzoylbenzoate
Sinocure® BP 119-61-9 Benzophenone
Sinocure® 754 211510-16-6 Benzeneacetic acid, alpha-oxo-, Oxydi-2,1-ethanediyl ester
Sinocure® CBP 134-85-0 4-Chlorobenzophenone
Sinocure® MBP 134-84-9 4-Methylbenzophenone
Sinocure® EHA 21245-02-3 2-Ethylhexyl 4-dimethylaminobenzoate
Sinocure® DMB 2208-05-1 2-(Dimethylamino)ethyl benzoate
Sinocure® EDB 10287-53-3 Ethyl 4-dimethylaminobenzoate
Sinocure® 250 344562-80-7 (4-Methylphenyl) [4-(2-methylpropyl)phenyl] iodoniumhexafluorophosphate
Sinocure® 369 119313-12-1 2-Benzyl-2-(dimethylamino)-4′-morpholinobutyrophenone
Sinocure® 379 119344-86-4 1-Butanone, 2-(dimethylamino)-2-(4-methylphenyl)methyl-1-4-(4-morpholinyl)phenyl-
Sinocure® 938 61358-25-6 Bis(4-tert-butylphenyl)iodonium hexafluorophosphate
Sinocure® 6992 MX 75482-18-7 & 74227-35-3 Cationic Photoinitiator UVI-6992
Sinocure® 6992 68156-13-8 Diphenyl(4-phenylthio)phenylsufonium hexafluorophosphate
Sinocure® 6993-S 71449-78-0 & 89452-37-9 Mixed type triarylsulfonium hexafluoroantimonate salts
Sinocure® 6993-P 71449-78-0 4-Thiophenyl phenyl diphenyl sulfonium hexafluoroantimonate
Sinocure® 1206 Photoinitiator APi-1206

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