2024 The Complete Guide To Tcpp Flame Retardant: The Ultimate Guide

July 24, 2021 Longchang Chemical

2024 The Complete Guide To Tcpp Flame Retardant: The Ultimate Guide

Tcpp flame retardant is a common and useful acronym that indicates that the chemical substance in question is classified as a terpolymer. That means it consists of three different monomers, which are connected via ester bonds. The majority of these chemicals have been used in recent syears as fire-retardant polymers (FRPs) for textile products. These FRPs are resistant to most types of environmental hazards and may be found in child safety products such as car seats.


To understand tcpp flame retardant, let us first define what a flame retardant is and how this compound works. Briefly, flame retardants are substances that prevent fire or smoke from igniting the surfaces and materials that they are in contact with. Tcpp flame retardants primarily inhibit the catalytic reduction (detonation) of the terpolymer that holds the monomers together.s For the case of tcpp, there are two types of terpolymers in the compound: styrene and vinyl. A terpolymer Tcpp is a terpolymer that contains styrene (or styrene-vinyl acetate) monomers in combination with vinyl monomers. It is often sold as a free-flowing powder but may be available as a solution.


Chemicals that are added to objects to prevent or slow the spread of fire are termed flame retardants. Since the 1970s, they’ve been employed in a variety of retail and industrial items to reduce the propensity of substances to combust.

The following items frequently have flame retardants:

1. Digital devices, phones, TVs, and home appliances are examples of electronic and electrical equipment.

2. Power lines and cables, as well as thermal insulations are used in the construction of buildings.

Seat, seat covering and filling, bumper, cargo storage, as well as other parts of vehicles, aircraft, and locomotives are examples of transportation items.

Most flame retardants were also phased out of use or are no longer manufactured. They can, however, stay in the environment for a long time since they are resistant to decomposition. They also can bioaccumulate, or develop over time in humans and animals.

People are exposed to flame retardants in a variety of ways. Flame retardants may be found in several places, including food, consumer items with in house, vehicle, airline, and office, and house dust. During the manufacturing process, these chemicals can contaminate the air, water, and soil. Chemicals may seep onto dust as well as the air from goods. Dust can settle on hands and meals, then enter the mouth as food is consumed. E-waste, or the unrestricted burning and disassembly of electronic and electric trash, is one example.

TCPP (tris (1-chloro-2-propyl) phosphate) is a fire-resistant that is extensively seen in product categories, home insulation, and gadgets. It is a non-chemically bonded addition to polyurethane foam that leaks from items into the enclosed spaces.

TCPP leaks out of the foam it’s utilized in over a period, affecting indoor air and home dust. When children and adults inhale, they are susceptible to fire resistance. Children, in specific, are prone to ingesting domestic dust due to their proclivity for putting toys and hands in their mouths.


As a result of the buyer and residential use, TCPP has been found in household dust and indoor air, and the substance and its decomposition result were already found in breast milk and urine. It was the fire-resistant discovered in the largest proportion in Arctic air, as well as sewage treatment plant effluent, groundwater, and potable water. Laboratory experiments show that TCPP can affect nervous system function and thyroid hormone levels, and its resemblance to malignancy TCEP and TDCPP raises additional concerns.


As a manufacturer of flame retardant additives, TCPP Flame Retardant Additives is the leading and most innovative supplier in the industry. We are dedicated to providing best-in-industry products resulting in increased safety and profitability for today’s manufacturers. The company provides a variety of products engineered to meet demanding performance standards through product development, testing, and evaluation.

TCPP Flame Retardant Additives is committed to providing complete customer satisfaction for our customers by maintaining an open line of communication with them at all times as well as providing top-level quality service.

TCPP (tris(1-chloro-2-propyl) phosphate) is a colorless liquid that is primarily utilized as a flame retardant in polyurethane foams. It isn’t flammable. It has a 1.6 g/litre solubility in water, is soluble in most organic solvents, and a log octanol/water diffusion coefficient of 2.59. Gas chromatography/mass spectrometry (GC/MS) is used for analysis. Preanalytical, TCPP can be extracted from the water via XAD resin, accompanied by separation with various solvents. Propylene oxide and phosphorus oxychloride are used to make TCPP. In 1997, annual global demand exceeded 40 000 tonnes. In municipal wastewater inocula, TCPP does not quickly biodegrade. In fish, it is quickly digested.

Since it was originally marketed in the mid-1960s, TCPP manufacturing, and use have increased at a rate of 4% annually on average. Its rise has also been fueled by rising polyurethane volume, legislative changes, and the fact that TCPP has largely replaced previous flame retardants, such as tris(chloroethyl) phosphate (TCEP). The synthesis of phosphorus oxychloride with propylene oxide, followed by filtration, produces all industrial TCPP.


PU foam isn’t the sole application for triethyl phosphate. Some polyols and prepolymers’ fluidity can be reduced as well. TCPP may be made in two ways: by combining phosphoryl chloride with ethanol, or by oxidizing triethyl phosphite. Following oral, cutaneous, or inhalation exposures, flame retardants have minimal toxic effects. It has a little irritating effect on the skin and eyes and is not genetically active.


The suppression of acetylcholinesterase is traditionally linked to organophosphate poisoning. Acetylcholinesterase would be an enzyme that catalyzes acetylcholine, a neurotransmitter. Several organophosphates bind to the active site of acetylcholinesterase, inhibiting it from destroying acetylcholine. This is certainly relevant to those designated as nerve agents or pesticides.

TDCPP has been linked to cancer in several studies. Men with low sperm counts and high serum prolactin levels were far more likely to live in residences with high TDCPP levels in the house dust. The hormone prolactin is found in higher amounts in women than in men.

Normal development has been proven to be disrupted by TCPP and other organophosphate flame retardants. In zebrafish embryos and larvae, TCPP treatment changed the mRNA expression of various genes that govern thyroid function. The thyroid system may be affected by TCPP, which could impact brain growth and maturation. Thyroid hormones are necessary for regular growth and progress as well as the optimal endocrine immune system. Thyroid hormone abnormalities are especially harmful to brain development. Lower IQ scores and an increased likelihood of ADHD or other neurobehavioral disorders are linked to disturbances in the thyroid system of either the mother or the baby during early development.


Rigid polyurethane foams use the majority of TCPP.In the United Kingdom and Ireland, it’s also utilized in flexible polyurethane foams for furnishing and textiles.TCPP is added to the polyurethane supply chain at many points: final foam manufacturers, “system houses” who post and create fully prepared systems, and base polyol manufacturers who might just use to decrease polyol porosity. The application of stiff polyurethane foams in thermal insulation and fridge frames could be further categorized into frames and spray methods. In textile back-coating formulae and some paints, TCPP is used in a very small amount.


If ingested, TCPP is toxic and harmful to the respiratory system. The liver and bladder seem to be the organs that are affected if consumed. The production of TCPP could be performed in a repetitive production method. Phosphorus oxytrichloride reacts with propylene oxide in the presence of catalysts to produce TCPP. The reaction takes place in a sealed unit. To eliminate acidic particles and remnant catalysts, the crude extract is cleansed and dried in a sealed chamber. Sealed lanes are often used for most exchanges. Utilizing enclosed pumps and confined lines, the output would then be purified, delivered, and stored. Moist and oxygen are kept out of storage by storing them in closed containers with nitrogen.

Flame retardants are substances that are applied to industrial materials such as plastics and fabrics, as well as surface finishes and surface coating, to limit the occurrence of fire by inhibiting, suppressing, or delaying the creation of flames. They can be chemically linked to the raw product or combined with it (additive flame retardants) (reactive flame retardants). Mineral flame retardants are almost always soluble, but organohalogen and organophosphorus chemicals can be reactionary or preservative.TCPP is an additional fire-resistant, which means that it is physically mixed with the material rather than chemically combined.

The quantity of fire retardant seen in a particular application is based on several elements, including the amount of flame retardancy needed for a given good or service, the efficiency of the fire retardant as well as synergist inside a specified polymer system, the individual features of the final result (perceptions, concentrations, reliability, etc. ), and the final product’s intended use.

Tris (2-chloroisopropyl) phosphate, or TCPP, is minimal chlorine and phosphorus-based fire retardant. Can’t be dissolved in water, but can be dissolved in several organic solvents and also has a high resin affinity. Alcohols, benzene, esters, and carbon tetrachloride all are soluble in TCPP flame retardant.

Firms are expanding their capabilities to achieve price and performance competitiveness, which will increase revenue. Businesses are concentrating on technical innovation, upgrade kits, and performance improvement to save costs and enhance quality at the same time. The market for TCPP Flame Retardant may become increasingly competitive.


But while the majority of them are effectively used in FRPs to make carpets and textiles fire retardant, not all of them are active fire-retardant chemicals. Others are only flame-retardant because of other chemical reactions, which essentially makes them terpolymers, but not active fire-retardant polymers. The latter is often referred to as PTFE (polytetrafluoroethylene) flame retardants, a vast majority of which come from the oil and gas industry.


The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) establishes a set of national standards that help to support the development of standards. It defines many chemical entities as substances of national concern and outlines specific performance criteria and required conformity assessment procedures for those substances. Two of those substances are tcpp flame retardants, approved for use in the United States and certain other countries as FRPs for textile products (see ANSI 0130.1-2005). The physical and chemical characteristics of tcpp flame retardants make them a suitable FRP material for flame-resistant fabrics that are exposed to many types of environmental hazards, such as ultraviolet (UV) radiation, smoke, and alkalis.



Lots of different flame retardants are available. Chemical structure and characteristics are frequently used to categorize themSBROMINATED FLAME retardants are the most often used flame retardants because they include bromine. Many consumer items, such as electronics, furniture, and construction materials, contain this chemical, that has been associated with endocrine disruption and other side effects. Many brominated chemicals are coming under fire for their use in home furnishings and other places where children could come into touch with them. Some people think that PBDEs are hazardous to humans and animals. As a result of growing concern, several European governments have decided to outlaw some of them, adopting the precautionary approach that is more popular in Europe. Lipophilic and bioaccumulative PBDEs exist. People from all around the world are exposed to PBDEs. Several brominated flame retardants have been found as enduring, bioaccumulative, and hazardous to humans and the environment, with neurobehavioral and endocrine disruption being suspected.

PBDES (POLYBROMINATED DIPHENYL ETHERS) — Because PBDEs don’t chemically bond to the goods to which they are applied (furniture, electronics, etc. ), they quickly escape and permeate the atmosphere and dust. PBDEs can affect a child’s birth weight and length, as well as their brain development. Eating contaminated meals, especially those with high-fat content, such as fatty fish, can expose people to PBDEs and PBBs. Breathing polluted air or ingesting contaminated dust is another route of exposure. Exposure can occur if you work in companies that produce these chemicals or create, repair, or recycle goods that include these chemicals flame retardants. At lower health effects, the repercussions of PBDEs and PBBs on human health remain unclear. These compounds have been found to include some impacts on the thyroid and liver, and also on neurodevelopment, in animal experiments. More study is needed to determine the impact of PBDEs and PBBs on human health.

TETRABROMOBISPHENOL A (TBBPA) is a chemical that is broadly employed in the production of computer circuit boards and electronics. It also is utilized in various fabrics and papers, and also as a flame retardant ingredient in several other products.TBBPA is identified in human plasma and milk, even though it will be swiftly eliminated out from the system. Plasma TH receptors and TH receptors are two potential activation areas. TBBPA intake causes a reduction in plasma TH concentrations as well as a latency in TH-induced transformation in experimental animal models. In basic circumstances, both hydroxyl groups on TBPA may react with epichlorohydrin to create the diglycidyl ether, which is frequently utilized in epoxy resin compositions.

HEXABROMOCYCLODODECANE (HBCD) is a polystyrene foam component that is mostly utilized in construction products. Humans are more at danger from leaching from goods and inhaling indoor dust. Hexabromocyclododecane (HBCD) is a brominated flame retardant used as a non-flammable, flexible fire retardant in polystyrene foam insulation. It was formerly used often in polyurethane foam insulation and is now banned by the European Union. It’s commonly known as a “pink” chemical because of its distinctive color. In 1979 it was classified as likely to cause cancer by the American Conference of GovernmentalIndustrial Hygienists (ACGIH), but this classification has since been withdrawn due to insufficient evidence that HBCD is carcinogenic; ACGIH has no plans for re-evaluating HBCD now or ever.

3. Some ORGANOPHOSPHATE FLAME RETARDANTS (OPFRS) have been discovered as alternatives for PBDEs, which are being phased out. Organophosphate flame retardants (OPFRs) are a class of compounds used to reduce the risk of fire and combustion in materials such as plastics, textiles, building materials, rubber, and foam. The use of OPFRs has increased worldwide alongside an increase in the number of products containing them. This surge in production has contributed to elevated levels of these chemicals present in the environment where they enter water bodies through wastewater treatment and leach into groundwater. In a recent study conducted by Professors at University College London together with The Dana Farber Cancer Institute, it was found that exposure to levels within “critical load” is associated with increased risk for instance leukemia.



1. To assist eliminate pollutants from your house, wet mop and vacuum using a high-efficiency particulate air (HEPA) screen to keep dust levels down.

2. Clean your hands and your children’s hands frequently. People are exposed to flame retardants through hand-to-mouth contact.

3.Rather than polyurethane foam, look for baby goods and furnishings that are packed with cotton, polyester, or wool when shopping for new items.

4. Lessen dust in your house by installing a proper ventilation system.


Flame retardant plasticizers of the same series

Synoflex® T-50 T-50; ASE CAS 91082-17-6
Synoflex® ATBC Acetyl tributyl citrate CAS 77-90-7
Synoflex® TBC Tributyl citrate CAS 77-94-1
Synoflex® TCPP TCPP flame retardant CAS 13674-84-5
Synoflex® DOTP Dioctyl terephthalate CAS 6422-86-2
Synoflex® DEP Diethyl phthalate CAS 84-66-2
Synoflex® TEC triethyl citrate CAS 77-93-0
Synoflex® DOA Dioctyl adipate CAS 123-79-5
Synoflex® DINP Diisononyl Phthalate CAS 28553-12-0/685 15-48-0
Synoflex® TMP Trimethylolpropane CAS 77-99-6
Synoflex® TEP Triethyl phosphate CAS 78-40-0
Synoflex® TOTM Trioctyl trimellitate CAS 3319-31-1
Synoflex® BBP Bio-based plasticizers, High-efficiency plasticizer  
Synoflex® TMP Trimethylol propane CAS 77-99-6
Sinoflare® TCEP Tris(2-chloroethyl) phosphate CAS 115-96-8
Sinoflare® BDP Bisphenol-A bis(diphenyl phosphate) CAS 5945-33-5
Sinoflare® TPP Triphenyl phosphate CAS 115-86-6

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